Raleigh Lawyers – Kurtz & Blum PLLC
Education and Law Project
ABOUT THE EDUCATION AND LAW PROJECT. The Education and Law Project seeks to improve and reform public education from pre-K to 12th grade through policy advocacy, community outreach and litigation. OUR GOALS. Secure the funding public schools need in order to provide a high-quality education to every child. LEGISLATIVE ADVOCACY.
School Funding: We work with legislators, policymakers and community leaders to secure adequate and equitable state funding for public schools, and we advocate for necessary increases in funding for effective programs that serve low-income, at-risk or underserved students. We also fight efforts to dismantle and privatize public education through the diversion of state funds for public schools to unproven, unregulated charter schools or to private schools through tax credits or vouchers. Responsible Charter School Policies: We strive to make sure state policies mandate that charter schools fulfill their original mission – to be centers of innovation that share their successes with all schools and to serve the most at-risk students. We continue to work with policymakers, school leaders and parents to make sure suspension and expulsion policies do not discriminate against minority students. COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT.
School Diversity: We work with allies to fight efforts to resegregate public schools. We participated with some of our partners in the filing of a Title VI Complaint with the Office of Civil Rights of the Department of Education to end harmful resegregation of schools after the loss of Wake County’s nationally recognized diversity policy for school assignment. Legal Representation to End Systemic Problems: We provide legal assistance to families that encounter barriers to accessing public schools or getting necessary supports for their students. This may include difficulty registering a student for school, refusal by a school to create or implement a Personal Education Plan, and other situations that put students at risk for failing. Education Workshops: We are available to speak on a wide variety of issues impacting public education, including students’ rights, suspension and expulsion policies, state and local education funding, and state legislation related to education.
Contact The Education and Law Project to request a speaker at your school, church or community meeting.
NCDOT: Medical Review Program
The N.C. Division of Motor Vehicles’ Medical Review Unit gathers and evaluates medical information of drivers who have medical conditions that could affect safety on the state’s roads. The goal of the Medical Review Program is to help protect highway safety without causing unnecessary hardship on drivers. Reasons for Medical Evaluations The Medical Review Unit evaluates a driver when there is concern that a medical condition might have an impact on his or her driving ability and safety. Driver license examiners who request a medical evaluation when a customer reports a new medical condition.
Periodic Reviews of Medical Conditions Depending on the severity of the medical condition – or if the condition worsens – the Medical Review Unit will review a driver’s case on a periodic basis to ensure the driver’s medical condition does not affect driving ability and safety. Drivers with stable medical conditions might not need to be followed by the Medical Review Unit. Commercial Driver License Waiver Program North Carolina intrastate licensed commercial drivers – those who travel only in North Carolina – who are affected by certain medical conditions might be eligible for a commercial driver license waiver if the Medical Review Unit determines they can safely operate a commercial motor vehicle. The Medical Review Unit evaluates drivers whom otherwise would not be approved to drive a commercial motor vehicle, based on Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations, but could safely operate a commercial motor vehicle if their condition is stable and they are monitored regularly. Currently, the Medical Review Unit approves three waivers for intrastate drivers who would otherwise qualify for a DOT medical certificate and have completed a DOT physical examination within the last year.
Appealing Medical Review Program Decisions A driver who disagrees with a decision by the Medical Review Program is entitled to a hearing before the Medical Review Program Board, if it is requested in writing within 10 calendar days of receiving the decision. If a driver requests a hearing, his or her case will be reconsidered by the Medical Review Program’s medical advisers in preparation for the hearing. Submitting a removal request does not guarantee that a driver will be removed from the Medical Review Program.
No Code and Do Not Resuscitate Orders
The North Carolina Medical Society supports the provision of services to dying patients in the most sensitive and humane manner under the circumstances. North Carolina’s Right to a Natural Death Act recognizes a patient’s right to a peaceful and natural death. The common law continues to grow through court decisions and addresses questions relative to the patient’s right to control his or her medical care decisions and to die with dignity. In addition to recognizing a Declaration for a Natural Death, North Carolina law further provides for a Health Care Power of Attorney and Portable Do Not Resuscitate Orders. The presence of a do not resuscitate order or an order to limit, withhold or discontinue life-sustaining treatment does not relieve the physician of the responsibility to continue monitoring the condition of the patient, to provide all necessary symptomatic relief, and to write other orders consistent with the plan of care.
Should a conflict arise between and among the medical staff, the nursing staff and/or the patient’s family regarding the issuance of a DNR order or other order to limit, withhold or discontinue life-sustaining treatment, the institution’s ethics committee or other similar mechanism should be consulted to provide a forum for resolving the conflict. Orders shall be entered only on the authority of the patient’s physician. The orders shall be in writing and placed in the physician’s order section of the medical record. The physician shall state in a progress note of the patient’s medical record the basis for entering the DNR order. The entry should include the patient’s medical status and prognosis and should indicate that the order is in keeping with the patient’s rights, known wishes or values and best interest.
Orders to limit, withhold or discontinue life-sustaining treatment, including a DNR order, shall be regularly reviewed and renewed in writing in a timely manner under policies established by the medical staff and the administration of the institution or agency. DNR orders shall also be reviewed whenever there is: a change in the patient’s condition or prognosis, including decisional capacity; a change in the patient’s, family’s or surrogate’s wishes; a change in the patient’s physician; or a transfer to another care setting.